At dinner tonight, I was asked a lot of questions regarding Federal Judges. In random order, please enjoy this information for your trivial needs.
Number of Current Federal Judges: 1,700
Federal Trial Judge: $145,000.00
Appellate Judge: $153,900.00
Supreme Court Judge: $178,300.00
The Chief Justice: $186,000.00
Judges are allowed to supplement (or increase) their income by teaching. They can earn up to $21,000.00 (maximum) from teaching.
The constitution does not allow the President or Congress to lower the salary of a Federal Judge while in office. Judges are appointed for life and can only be removed from office by retirement, quitting, or impeachment/conviction by Congress (very difficult).